Brussels lace is a sort of pillow lace that has roots around Brussels. There are many laces around Brussels that are too popular; however, the Brussels lace is strictly interpreted to bobbin lace in which the pattern is prepared first, then the ground. Brussels lace therefore should not be confused with Brussels point that is a sort of needle lace. Brussels lace is prepared in pieces, with the flowers and design different from the ground, unlike Mechlin lace or Valenciennes lace this help the long threads that form the design to be according to the curves of the pattern, whereas in bobbin laces prepared instantly, the threads run parallel to the entire length of the lace.
Brussels lace easily can be recognized through its réseau or background, the toilé or pattern, and the lack of a cordonnet which outlines the pattern. The réseau is hexagonal, with four threads plaited four times on two sides, and two threads twisted twice on the remaining four sides. The toilé can be of two types, the standard woven texture like a piece of fabric, or a more open version with more of the appearance of a netted réseau. This brings the impact of the shades in the design an effect that was further used in the later designs. In Brussels lace, in place of cordonnet, the pattern is bordered with open stitches that then move around from the réseau or background.
Brussels lace is far popular for its delicacy and beauty. At its reality, it was prepared with the finest spun lined thread that is spun in dark damp rooms so that the threads do not become too much brittle. There only one ray of light use to be allowed in the room and falling straight on to the thread. This the quality of this fine thread that prevents the mechanized production of the Brussels lace as well its production at other places as well. Brussels lace cost wise charge more than Mechlin lace, and is in much demand in England and France. The production of the Brussels lace started in the 15th century and for the first time in detail is explained in England in a list given to Princess Mary at New Years 1543.
On the basis of Production, Brussels lace is found in three types including Point d’Angleterre came as the smuggled Brussels lace into the England due to a 1662 English Parliament bill that banned the import all sort of laces into the United Kingdom. And the lace with this name too becomes popular at other parts of Europe as well. Point plat appliqué is the name given to Brussels lace where the design is made on machine net, in place of handmade réseau. Point Duchesse is the type of Brussels lace that does not have a réseau.